- David J. Hartzband, Laura Holly:
**The provision of induction in data model systems: II. Symmetric comparison.**1-13

- Thomas Whalen:
**Mixed-initiative, goal-directed dialog in a fuzzy knowledge based consultant system.**15-27

- Bruce D'Ambrosio:
**A hybrid approach to reasoning under uncertainty.**29-45

- Andrew J. Hinkle, James T. P. Yao:
**Linguistic assessment of welded structures with fatigue damage.**47-63

- Didier Dubois, Henri Prade:
**On the combination of uncertain or imprecise pieces of information in rule-based systems--A discussion in the framework of possibility theory.**65-87

- Manton M. Matthews:
**Logics for artificial intelligence: Raymond Turner, Ellis Horwood Ltd., West Sussex, England, First Printing 1984, Second Printing 1985.**89-90

- J. L. A. Chameau, James T. P. Yao: Guest editors' preface. 93
- Salwa Ammar: A fuzzy set-theoretic approach to decision making. 95
- Michael J. Baldwin: Integrating expert systems using fuzzy numbers. 95
- A. Bardossy, I. Bogardi, W. E. Kelly: Fuzzy regression for electrical resistivity-hydraulic conductivity relationships. 96
- Paul J. Chang, Robert L. DeLaPaz, Ralph Bernstein, Jetendra V. Dave: Approximate fuzzy C-means (AFCM) cluster analysis of medical Magnetic Resonance Image (MRI) data. 96-97
- Stephen L. Chiu, Masaki Togai: A fuzzy logic programming environment for real-time control. 97
- Karen C. Chou: Reliability of existing framed structures using fuzzy sets. 97-98
- Rosanna Degani, Giovanni Bortolan: The problem of linguistic approximation in clinical decision making. 98
- Wei-Min Dong, Felix S. Wong: On fuzzy probabilities and interactive fuzzy variables. 98
- Didier Dubois, Henri Prade: On incomplete conjunctive information. 99
- Augustine O. Esogbue: Fuzzy medical diagnosis decision making revisited. 99
- Kenneth M. Ford, Frederick E. Petry: An approach to the automated acquisition of production rules. 99-100
- Robin Giles: A utility-valued logic for decision making. 100
- James A. Givens, Hossein Tahani: An improved method of performing fuzzy arithmetic for computer vision. 100-101
- Lawrence O. Hall: On the choice of ply operators for modus ponens generation in fuzzy intelligent systems. 101
- Nancy Green Hall: Field testing the STRATASSIST prototype. 101
- Kenji Ikejima, Dan M. Frangopol: Risk assessment for gas pipelines using fuzzy sets. 102
- Can Isik: Inference engines for fuzzy rule-based control. 102
- C. Hsein Juang, S. N. Kalidindi: Development and implementation of a fuzzy system for bid tender evaluation on microcomputers. 103
- Cerry M. Klein, Sencer Yeralan: Network flow models with fuzzy auxiliary edge and vertex attributes. 103
- George J. Klir, Mark J. Wierman: On properties of the V uncertainty. 103-104
- M. Luisa McAllister: An unusual property of a square matrix of fuzzy sets. 104
- Asghar Nafarieh, James M. Keller: Incorporating confidence measures into fuzzy classifier. 104-105
- Hongjie Qiu, James M. Keller: Multiple spectral image segmentation using fuzzy techniques. 105
- Tadeusz Radecki: A comparison of fuzzy set theory and rough set theory in the context of automatic object classification. 105-106
- Singiresu S. Rao: Fuzzy sets approach to the design of engineering systems. 106
- Eugene I. RoventaAdrian Gulesiu: Fuzzy decisions in building investments. 106-107
- Elke A. Rundensteiner, Lois Wright Hawkes, Wyllis Bandler: Set-valued temporal knowledge representation for fuzzy temporal retrieval in ICAI. 107
- J. C. Santamarina, J. L. A. Chameau: Decision making and fuzzy windows. 107-108
- Brian Schott, Thomas Whalen: Backward chaining with fuzzy goals and rules. 108
- Shahram Seyed, P. A. Ramamoorthy: A new concept of fuzzy rule-based expert systems. 108-109
- Adnan K. Shaout: On fuzzy graph searching. 109
- Marian S. Stachowicz, Maria E. Kochaska: Fuzzy process modeling. 109
- Massimo Squillante, Aldo G. S. Ventre: Extending features of the fuzzy integral. 110
- Minsoo Suk, Adnan K. Shaout: Matching attributed fuzzy graphs and applications in scene analysis. 110
- L. D. Xu: Fuzzy multicriteria programming in economic systems analysis. 111
- Maria Zemankova: Application of possibility theory to learning in knowledge-based systems with an imperfect teacher. 111-112
- Rami Zwick, Thomas S. Wallsten: Combining stochastic uncertainty and linguistic inexactness: Theory and experimental evaluation. 112
- Robin Giles:
**A utility-valued logic for decision making.**113-141

- Rosanna Degani, Giovanni Bortolan:
**The problem of linguistic approximation in clinical decision making.**143-162

- Stephen L. Chiu, Masaki Togai:
**A fuzzy logic programming environment for real-time control.**163-175

- Can Isik:
**Inference engines for fuzzy rule-based control.**177-187

- Tod S. Levitt:
**Guest editor's preface.**193-194

- Henry E. Kyburg Jr.:
**Higher order probabilities and intervals.**195-209

- Judea Pearl:
**On probability intervals.**211-216

- Tod S. Levitt:
**Choosing uncertainty representations in artificial intelligence.**217-232

- Laveen N. Kanal, Donald Perlis:
**Uniform accountability for multiple modes of reasoning.**233-246

- Eric Horvitz, John S. Breese, Max Henrion:
**Decision theory in expert systems and artificial intelligenc.**247-302

- Paul R. Cohen, David S. Day:
**The centrality of autonomous agents in theories of action under uncertainty.**303-326

- John B. Bacon: An interesting uncertainty-based combinatoric problem in spare parts forecasting: The FRED system. 327
- Thomas O. Binford: Bayesian inference in model-based machine vision. 327-328
- Gautam Biswas, Tejwansh S. Anand: Using the Dempster-shafer scheme in a diagnostic expert system shell. 328
- Paul K. Black: Is shafer general bayes? 328
- Piero P. Bonissone: Using T-norm-based uncertainty calculi in a naval situation assessment application. 328-329
- Lashon B. Booker, Naveen Hota, Gavin Hemphill: Implementing a bayesian scheme for revising belief commitments. 329
- Jack S. Breese: Integrating logical and probabilistic reasoning for decision making. 329-330
- Wray L. Buntine: Decision tree induction systems: A Bayesian analysis. 330
- Rich Caruana: The automatic training of rule bases that use numerical uncertainty representations. 330-331
- Yizong Cheng: A study of associative evidential reasoning. 331
- Homer L. Chin, Gregory F. Cooper: Stochastic simulation of Bayesian belief networks. 331
- Stephen L. Chiu, Masaki Togai: Compiling fuzzy logic control rules to hardware implementations. 332
- Paul R. Cohen: Modifiable combining functions. 332
- Paul R. Cohen: Steps toward programs that manage uncertainty. 332-333
- Gregory F. Cooper: An algorithm for computing probabilistic propositions. 333
- Bruce D'Ambrosio: Combining symbolic and numeric approaches to uncertainty management. 333
- Norman C. Dalkey: The inductive logic of information systems. 333-334
- Chris Elsaesser: Explanation of probabilistic inference for decision support systems. 334
- Stephen I. Gallant: Automated generation of connectionist expert systems for problems involving noise and redundancy. 334
- I. R. Goodman: A measure-free approach to conditioning. 334-335
- Peter Haddawy, Alan M. Frisch: Convergent deduction for probabilistic logic. 335
- Gregory D. Hager, Max Mintz: Estimation procedures for robust sensor control. 335-336
- Steve Hanks: Temporal reasoning about uncertain worlds. 336
- David Heckerman, Holly Brügge Jimison: A perspective on confidence and its use in focusing attention during knowledge acquisition. 336
- Max Henrion: Practical issues in constructing a Bayes belief network. 337
- Michael C. Higgins: NAIVE: A method for representing uncertainty and temporal relationships in an automated reasoner. 337
- Eric Horvitz: Reasoning about beliefs and actions under computational resource constraints. 337-338
- Daniel Hunter: Dempster-shafer versus probabilistic logic. 338
- Henry E. Kyburg Jr.: Higher order probabilities. 338
- Henry E. Kyburg Jr.: Objective probability. 339
- Kathryn Blackmond: Belief in belief functions: An examination of Shafer's canonical examples. 339
- Ze-Nian Li: Comparisons of reasoning mechanisms for computer vision. 339
- Mary McLeish: Nilson's probabilistic entailment extended to Dempster-Shafer theory. 339-340
- Donald H. Mitchell: A knowledge engineer's comparison of three evidence aggregation methods. 340
- Eric Neufeld, David Poole: Towards solving the multiple extension problem: Combining defaults and probabilities. 340-341
- Judea Pearl: Do we need higher-order probabilities, and, if so, what do they mean? 341
- George Rebane, Judea Pearl: The recovery of causal poly-trees from statistical data. 341
- Matthew Self, Peter Cheeseman: Bayesian prediction for artificial intelligence. 342
- Ross D. Shachter, David M. Eddy, Vic Hasselblad, Robert Wolpert: A heuristic Bayesian approach to knowledge acquisition: Application to analysis of tissue-type plasminogen activator. 342
- Ross D. Shachter: Efficient inference on generalized fault diagrams. 342
- Thomas B. Slack: Advantages and a limitation of using LEG nets in a real-time problem. 343
- Spencer Star: Theory-based inductive learning: An integration of symbolic and quantitative methods. 343
- Richard M. Tong, Lee A. Appelbaum: Problem structure and evidential reasoning. 343-344
- Silvio Ursic: Coefficients of relation for probabilistic reasoning. 344
- Michael P. Wellman: The role of calculi in uncertain reasoning. 344-345
- Ben P. Wise: The role of tuning uncertain inference systems. 345
- Ben P. Wise: Satisfaction of assumptions is a weak predictor of performance. 345-346
- Lei Xu: Structuring causal tree models with continuous variables. 346
- John Yen: Implementing evidential reasoning in expert systems. 346
- John Yen: Can evidence Be combined in the Dempster-shafer theory? 346-347
- Mingchuan Zhang, Su-Shing Chen: Evidential reasoning in image understanding. 347

- Ewa Orlowska:
**Logical aspects of learning concepts.**349-364

- Keh-Hsun Chen, Zbigniew W. Ras, Andrzej Skowron:
**Attributes and rough properties in information systems.**365-376

- Bart Kosko:
**Hidden patterns in combined and adaptive knowledge networks.**377-393