ACM SIGMOD Anthology ACM SIGMOD dblp.uni-trier.de

Optimization of Multiple-Relation Multiple-Disjunct Queries.

M. Muralikrishna, David J. DeWitt: Optimization of Multiple-Relation Multiple-Disjunct Queries. PODS 1988: 263-275
@inproceedings{DBLP:conf/pods/MuralikrishnaD88,
  author    = {M. Muralikrishna and
               David J. DeWitt},
  title     = {Optimization of Multiple-Relation Multiple-Disjunct Queries},
  booktitle = {Proceedings of the Seventh ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD-SIGART Symposium
               on Principles of Database Systems, March 21-23, 1988, Austin,
               Texas},
  publisher = {ACM},
  year      = {1988},
  isbn      = {0-89791-263-2},
  pages     = {263-275},
  ee        = {http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/308386.308452, db/conf/pods/MuralikrishnaD88.html},
  crossref  = {DBLP:conf/pods/88},
  bibsource = {DBLP, http://dblp.uni-trier.de}
}

Abstract

In this paper we discuss the optimization of multiple-relation multiple-disjunct queries in a relational database system. Since optimization techniques for conjunctive (single disjunct) queries in relational databases are well known [Smith75, Wong76, Selinger79, Yao79, Youssefi793, the natural way to evaluate a multiple-disjunct query was to execute each disjunct independently [Bernstein81, Kerschberg82]. However, evaluating each disjunct independently may be very inefficient. In this paper, we develop methods that merge two or more disjuncts to form a term. The advantage of merging disjuncts to form terms lies in the fact that each term can be evaluated with a single scan of each relation that is present in the term. In addition, the number of times a join is performed will also be reduced when two or more disjuncts are merged. The criteria for merging a set of disjuncts will be presented. As we will see, the number of times each relation in the query is scanned will be equal to the number of terms. Thus, minimizing the number of terms will minimize the number of scans for each relation. We will formulate the problem of minimizing the number of scans as one of covering a merge graph by a minimum number of complete merge graphs which are a restricted class of cartesian product graphs. In general, the problem of minimizing the number of scans is NP-complete. We present polynomial time algorithms for special classes of merge graphs. We also present a heuristic for general merge graphs.

Throughout this paper, we will assume that no relations have any indices on them and that we are only concerned with reducing the number of scans for each relation present in the query. What about relations that have indices on them? It turns out that our performance metric of reducing the number of scans is beneficial even in the case that there are indices. In [Muralikrishna88] we demonstrate that when optimizing single- relation multiple-disjunct queries, the cost (measured in terms of disk accesses) may be reduced if all the disjuncts are optimized together rather than individually. Thus, our algorithm for minimizing the number of terms is also very beneficial in cases where indices exist.

Copyright © 1988 by the ACM, Inc., used by permission. Permission to make digital or hard copies is granted provided that copies are not made or distributed for profit or direct commercial advantage, and that copies show this notice on the first page or initial screen of a display along with the full citation.


Load The ACM SIGMOD Anthology, CDROM Edition, Volume 1-3, PODS '82-'98. and ... Load The ACM SIGMOD Anthology, Silver Edition, DVD 1, Proceedings. and ...

Printed Edition

Proceedings of the Seventh ACM SIGACT-SIGMOD-SIGART Symposium on Principles of Database Systems, March 21-23, 1988, Austin, Texas. ACM 1988, ISBN 0-89791-263-2
Contents CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML

Online Edition: ACM Digital Library


References

[Aho79]
Alfred V. Aho, Yehoshua Sagiv, Jeffrey D. Ullman: Equivalences Among Relational Expressions. SIAM J. Comput. 8(2): 218-246(1979) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Bernstein81]
Philip A. Bernstein, Nathan Goodman, Eugene Wong, Christopher L. Reeve, James B. Rothnie Jr.: Query Processing in a System for Distributed Databases (SDD-1). ACM Trans. Database Syst. 6(4): 602-625(1981) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Chandra77]
Ashok K. Chandra, Philip M. Merlin: Optimal Implementation of Conjunctive Queries in Relational Data Bases. STOC 1977: 77-90 CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Jarke84]
Matthias Jarke, Jürgen Koch: Query Optimization in Database Systems. ACM Comput. Surv. 16(2): 111-152(1984) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Kerschberg82]
Larry Kerschberg, Peter D. Ting, S. Bing Yao: Query Optimization in Star Computer Networks. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 7(4): 678-711(1982) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Muralikrishna88]
...
[Pruhs87]
...
[Selinger79]
Patricia G. Selinger, Morton M. Astrahan, Donald D. Chamberlin, Raymond A. Lorie, Thomas G. Price: Access Path Selection in a Relational Database Management System. SIGMOD Conference 1979: 23-34 CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Smith75]
John Miles Smith, Philip Yen-Tang Chang: Optimizing the Performance of a Relational Algebra Database Interface. Commun. ACM 18(10): 568-579(1975) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Wong76]
Eugene Wong, Karel Youssefi: Decomposition - A Strategy for Query Processing. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 1(3): 223-241(1976) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Yao79]
S. Bing Yao: Optimization of Query Evaluation Algorithms. ACM Trans. Database Syst. 4(2): 133-155(1979) CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML
[Youssefi79]
Karel Youssefi, Eugene Wong: Query Processing in a Relational Database Management System. VLDB 1979: 409-417 CiteSeerX Google scholar pubzone.org BibTeX bibliographical record in XML

Copyright © Mon Nov 2 21:04:02 2009 by Michael Ley (ley@uni-trier.de)